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Past Discourse prior to the Timber Legality Verification System [SVLK]

Discussion on Verified Legal Origin (VLO) certification, or also known as Legal Origin Verification (LOV), cannot be separated from the continual breakdown of the State due to illegal logging practices that have become increasingly ‘crazier’ after the era. reform. This results in the tightening of the legality requirements for timber originating from Indonesia.

The legality standard emerged, or more precisely raised by the world accreditation and certification institutions to support the slow progress of the certification of sustainable forests and companies producing wood-based products in tropical timber-producing countries which only reached 6%; although it is believed to be a necessity, certification is a practical and realistic means of verifying the legal origin of wood products in a reliable and market-acceptable manner. So the Forest Stewardship Council says it is “Certification is not Enough”.

Illegal logging has been a global concern since the late 1990s and has become an important component of the G8 Action Plan of Forest, and has become a major issue in the World Bank-coordinated FLGT conference held in Bali, September 2001 and in Africa (Yaounde, October 2003). In the decision, serious actions need to be taken, including establishing cooperation between legal authorities within or between countries to prevent the movement of illegal timber, and at the same time exploring how to eliminate export-import activities that lead to illegal timber harvesting. Based on the FLEGT Action Plan, a system is needed to assess the licenses to pass legal timber which is required for wood exporting countries (producer countries) destined for timber importing countries (European Union). This assessment standard must also take into account other international provisions such as CITES which must be used as a reference for assessing the pass or failure of a license. From the results of the FLEGT meeting in Bali, the British Government wanted a bilateral agreement with Indonesia and the MOU was signed in April 2002. The MOU contained important elements such as: identifying key reforms in the legislative body and multistakeholder consultation that was built to provide support. of the response to IL.

Quoting Daru Asycarya’s writing, until now there are 2 divided views in wood importing countries, namely: 1) emphasizing on the hill that the wood that is being painted is in accordance with the regulations of the country where the wood is from. However, unfortunately what is legal for one country is not necessarily legal for other countries, so this approach is not easy to apply on the level playing field. Even neighboring countries like Indonesia and Malaysia have very different rules in this legality context. 2) A more moderate view, some countries do not really adhere to their regulations (read: producing countries), which is important as long as the European market accepts their products. Consequently, they have violated their commitment to support the use of wood from sustainable sources.

The European Union as an importing country pays more attention to the first opinion. The European Union (EU) through the FLEGT flag has finalized the FLEGT Action Plan. The Action Plan emphasizes the bilateral agreement between countries that cooperate to issue a legality permit for all timber exports to the European Union. The basis for this is the declaration made in Bali and The Hague which states that the demand for sustainable products is a high priority in the political agenda. European Union countries that prefer this green procurement are: UK, Denmark, the Netherlands, France, Germany and Sweden. Currently FLEGT is recommending that the EU asks the government to support ECAs (Export Credit Agencies) to carry out a more thorough and correct examination of the legality of customers managing Forest Resources.

Definition of Legal
Daru added, before the development of the LOV system, according to them, the most basic question that must be answered is: “How to define legality in the context of curning illegal timber? “. If that is answered, then there are three steps to verifying wood:

  1. Legal,
  2. Legal and implementing a program to achieve sustainability
  3. Legal and sustainable (SFM Certification).

“The principle of legality can be implemented based on audited legality criteria, describing national laws and regulations or internationally agreed principles and recognized by stakeholders,” said Antoine de La Rochefordiere.

The definition of legality must still lead to sustainability, not just a statement, and legal evidence.”

The principle of sustainability means ensuring the sustainability of production functions, ecological functions, and social functions. In this context, the wood category originating from the wood processing industry which does not support sustainability does not fall into the legal category “.

“Keep in mind, in practice Legal Origin Verification (LOV) does not only play in the industrial area, but in the context of Sustainable Forest Management, in the management unit, LOV is very important to do with what is called” LHC “or Legal Harvesting Compliance. LHC must pay attention to several criteria such as internal Chain of Custody. Establishment of sustainable harvests, and legal certainty on land use. 
This article is sourced from WoodBiz June 2008 Edition