JAKARTA. The prospect of a Conservation Partnership in Indonesia has a very big opportunity besides being a concrete solution to the dilemma of conservation area management so far, the Conservation Partnership also answers the challenge of increasing the welfare of communities around conservation areas
This was conveyed by the Head of the Research Team for the Indonesian Tropical Nature Institute (LATIN), Arif Aliadi after completing a study on 6 National Parks (TN) in Indonesia on Monday (22/07).
According to Arif Aliadi, the management of Conservation Areas in the future should prioritize the involvement of communities around the area because local people own the conservation land or area so that they have better understanding on their own local area.
“Regulation of the Director General of Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems (KSDAE) number 6 of 2018 provides ample space for local community involvement,” said Arif.
At least, he continued, the National Park has prepared steps to implement the Conservation Partnership. Arif gave an example of 14 villages that have been identified in Sebangau National Park in Central Kalimantan. In Meru Betiri National Park, East Java, there have also been 3 models of Conservation Partnership with the community, from 10 villages directly adjacent to the National Park.
“In Kelimutu National Park, there have been 4 signed cooperation agreements. And, 64 permits for Objects with Natural Tourism Objectives (ODTWA) in Gunung Ciremai National Park, “he explained.
According to Arif, the Conservation Partnership opportunity is also full of challenges. For example, it is related to the community’s desire to exclude customary areas from the NP area.
In addition, an understanding of these rules also needs to be looked at thoroughly. Because it is feared that it will open the minds of irresponsible parties to open new cultivated land in the conservation area.
“In the areas we studied, there are still many illegal loggers and hunters. The Conservation Partnership is not intended to legalize this prohibited behavior, “said Arif.
Another risk is that the management of the natural tourism area is controlled by the owner of the capital only so that the community is only involved as workers. This is important to be a deeper consideration for the license Issuer.
This LATIN study is supported by the Build Indonesia Program to Take Care of Nature for Sustainability or Bangun Indonesia to Protect Nature for the Sustainability of BIJAK which is funded by the United States for International Development (USAID).
LATIN also noted findings to involve Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes). Its implementation in the field needs to be supported by facilitation and a review of the zoning of area designations in each National Park.
“In some NPs, there are no traditional use zones. Meanwhile, many people depend on the National Park for their livelihoods, “said Arif.
In addition, it is important for conservation area managers to synergize existing activities with the Conservation Partnership initiative. For example, in Halimun Salak National Park, there are Conservation Village activities.
“In the Conservation Village, the community carries out forest rehabilitation, as well as carrying out productive economic activities such as raising goats, nature tourism and sustainable agriculture,” he explained.
The implementation of a Conservation Partnership in the field requires the capacity of a management institution, including the community, so that the task of capacity building is a shared task, including the Regional Government. Therefore, it is also important to coordinate Conservation Partnerships with Local Governments.
Sebagai contoh, Arif menyebut TN Kelimutu di Nusa Tenggara Timur sedang melakukan koordinasi pengelolaan wisata alam dengan Pemda setempat (Ende, red). Ada pula TN Meru Betiri yang berencana menggaet Pemda Jember untuk kegiatan rehabilitasi lahan dan wisata alam.
“Temuan ini sudah kami koordinasikan dengan Dirjen KSDAE dan mendapat tanggaan postif,” ungkap Arif.
Sementara itu, Direktur Jenderal Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam dan Ekosistem (KSDAE), Wiratno menyebut pengelolaan kawasan konservasi ke depan memang harus melibatkan masyarakat, menghormati HAM dan mengedepankan kegiatan yang bersifat kolaborasi.
“Cara pandang konservasi hanya untuk konservasi sudah saatnya ditinggalkan. Kini, konservasi mestinya ditujukan pula untuk menghormati Hak Asasi Manusia,” katanya di Jakarta pada 9 Juli 2019 yang lalu.
“Dukungan publik untuk mewujudkan pengelolaan hutan lestari masyarakat sejahtera dalam kawasan konservasi dapat diwujudkan melalui sumbangan pemikiran yang disampaikan kepada kami,” pungkas Wiratno.(elnano)***