Indonesia as an agricultural country ranks after Brazil and other countries that have smallholders in their agricultural activities. The variety of commodities produced also adorns the character of the farmers who manage these natural resources. The farmers vary from those who take care of agriculture and semi-agriculture, including forestry commodities.
The involvement of small farmers in natural resource management is influenced by physical, geographical conditions, and one of the decisive points in this resource management is local policies. Many local-level policies have an effect on the ability of smallholders to cultivate land and market it in a healthy environment that is close to where the commodities are produced.
Smallholders or farmers involved in forestry can use the Social Forestry scheme to participate in forestry and agricultural activities. Some examples of Social Forestry farmer activities include farming on a state or government-owned land and conducting intercropping programs among perennials [other forestry plants]. So that the land can be used optimally for the benefit of the smallholders themselves.
In the context of sustainable commodity management, the role of government is crucial. It is very important for policymakers to consider their ability to manage and market their products.
Government policies that can be created include
In the current development of the green economy, commodities that support the process of reducing the rate of deforestation are an important indicator in the achievement of green growth development.